Human Violence

Sunday, January 13 (OS., December 31, 2018) 2019: Sunday Nativity Afterfeast and Leavetaking (33rd Sunday) Holy Righteous Ones: Joseph the Betrothed, David the King, James the Brother of the Lord.

Epistle: Galatians 1:11-19
Gospel: Matthew 2:13-23

Christ is Born!

St Matthew’s account of our Savior’s birth is drenched in violence. For example, in his attempt to end the life of the newborn Messiah, Herod orders the slaughter of all the male children under the age of two.

Horrific as this is, there is something even more horrible that we hear in the silence of the Apostle’s account.

While Matthew quotes the Prophet Jeremiah about the depth and breadth of the parents’ sorrow, he gives no indication that they defended their children. If the mothers–and especially the fathers–of Jerusalem didn’t open the doors children’s’ killers, they certainly didn’t bar the door either.

Matthew gives us no indication that the parents resisted the slaughter of their own children. Instead, it appears as if the parents of Jerusalem, even if unwillingly, stood by and allowed their sons to be slaughtered.

Why would they do this?

Herod’s murderous order and the cooperation of soldiers makes a certain rough sense. They had positions in society that they wanted to protect. Herod especially was a man of great wealth and power because he cooperated with the hated Romans.

But why did the parents and the whole of Jerusalem not rise up in rebellion? Why did they stand aside an allow this great evil?

In the verse immediately prior to those in today’s Gospel we are told that when Herod heard about the birth of the Messiah “he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him” (Matthew 2:3, NJKV).

As he so often does, St John Chrysostom goes to the heart of the matter. “Since Herod was king, he was naturally afraid both for himself and for his children. But why was Jerusalem troubled?”

After all the coming of the “the Savor, Benefactor and Deliverer” would be to the advantage not only of Jerusalem and the Jewish People but all humanity.

And, after all, it would be a great honor for the Savior to be born of Jewish woman; not only Mary but the whole of the Jewish People would be vindicated for their fidelity to God.

So why was Jerusalem afraid? Why did they passive cooperate with what Holy Tradition says was the murder of some 14,000 infants?

Chrysostom says they behaved as they did because they were gripped by the same “idolatrous affections” that caused the Hebrew Children to turn away in the hearts from God after their liberation from Egypt many centuries ago.

As horrible as was the killing, as oppressive as was Rome in ways great and small, submission to the Empire offered wealth to some and at least the illusion of security to all.

It is tempting to look back at Matthew’s account of betrayal and violence and think that we have somehow grown beyond such things. While I can’t speak for others, I know this isn’t the case for me.

No, I’m not violent but how easily have I become attached to my position as a priest in the Church. I wouldn’t raise my hand against others but how easily come cutting words to my lips or rise malicious thoughts in my heart.

The difference between Herod, the citizens of Jerusalem and me is one of degree. Like Herod “and all Jerusalem with him,” my heart is often troubled when God makes even the smallest request of me.

Like the Galatians, I “bite and devour” my neighbor by my lack of charity (Galatians 5:15).

Like Saul on the road to Damascus, I “kick against the goads” (Acts 26:14).

Like Saul, I do all this because I am more attached to the gifts than the Giver. I  love the things of God more than God Himself.

Or maybe U imagine that what I have, what I have accomplished, I have done simply on my own. Even divine grace I twist into something that I deserve, as something that is mine by right rather than from God’s love for me.

My brothers and sisters in Christ! God has blessed each of us with spiritual, intellectual, social and yes, material, gifts. When we forget that what we have we have as God’s gift to us, when we imagine that what we have, we have by right rather than grace, then, at that moment, we too become capable of great violence.

In His Incarnation, Jesus Christ has saved us not simply from condemnation in the life to come but freed us from the violence we see not only in the Scriptures but all around us. The fact that this violence is usually social and emotional rather than physically should not lull us into imagining that violence doesn’t mar our lives and doesn’t dwell in our hearts.

But having acknowledged this, we need not despair. Rather, we turn to Christ with repentance for our sins and gratitude for His many gifts.

If we do this, then when in response to the festal greeting “Christ is Born!” our response “Glorify Him!” will be more than words. Our glorification of Christ will have the power to transform our lives and the lives of all we meet.

In Christ,

+Fr Gregory

God’s Prophecy to Isaiah, Guards His Promise to Noah.

Friday, March 9 (O.S.,February 24), 2018: Friday of the Third Week of Lent; The First (IV) and the Second Discovery of the Head of St. John the Forerunner Venerable Erasmus of the Kiev Caves († c. 1160); Finding of the Relics of the Holy Right-believing Prince Romanus of Uglich.

Sixth Hour: Isaiah 13:2-13
Vespers: Genesis 8:4-21
Vespers: Proverbs 10:31-11:12

In Isaiah God calls His People to battle; His “sanctified ones,” His “mighty one,” and those “who rejoice in My exaltation,” are to make war against “the wicked for their iniquity” and “the arrogance of the proud.”

When this war comes it will be terrible. Heaven itself will join in and the battle will be “cruel” replete with “both wrath and fierce anger.” So great will be the devastation that creation itself will be affected. “The sun will be darkened …, and the moon will not cause its light to shine.”

It is hard to square this frightening prophecy with the promise made to Noah that God will never “again destroy every living thing.” It is on the basis of this promise that Noah and his sons are told to take up once again Adam’s failed vocation to be “Be fruitful and multiply and to “fill the earth.”

The very next line, however, gives us a hint as to why the promise needs the prophecy and how the two work together.

Before the Fall peace existed between Adam and the beasts of the field. Now “every beast of the earth, on every bird of the air, on all that move on the earth, and on all the fish of the sea” fear us. Where once we were co-creators, now we strive to subjugate not only animals but each other.

Even in this newly restored world, murder remains a possibility. Humanity, and now animals as well, are capable of murder. And whether man or beast, if you kill “the image of God” your “blood shall be shed.”

This is the awful standard that must now be in place so that we can “be fruitful and multiply.” Our vocation to create wealth, to “bring forth abundantly in the earth” requires that we not only remain on guard against the violence in the human heart but that we punish its expression.

God’s prophecy to Isaiah, guards His promise to Noah.

This is why Solomon in today’s reading from Proverbs is so direct in his praise of wisdom and so seemingly cruel his condemnation of sin. “The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom, but the perverse tongue will be cut out.”

Just as a “dishonest scale” can undermine the trust between buyer and seller, the evil imaginations of the human heart–of my heart–have the potential to tear apart the human community. “He who is devoid of wisdom despises his neighbor,” and it is this that is the root of all human violence. Even if I never lift my hand against him, in my heart I kill my neighbor I hold him in contempt.

It is this contempt, this willingness in me, to kill the image of God in you or in myself, that God tells us to fight against; it is this contempt that God in Jesus Christ overcome by His death on the Cross.

In Christ,

+Fr Gregory